Tuesday, December 17, 2013

106th National Day post

In celebrating our national day on 17/12/2012, (i.e one year ago) I posted our national anthem and the picture of our beloved Kings on my blog. It was our 105th national day then. Now that its 17/12/2013, we are celebrating 106 years of progress and happiness one more time. 





Therefore on this happy occasion, I would like to wish all my fellow Bhutanese, both home and abroad, a very happy 106 Gyalyong Duchen. May we all continue to enjoy peace and harmony under the guidance of our beloved King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. Also on this happy occasion, I would like to share few lines that I learned about our national anthem. 

According some written documents from Centre for Bhutan Studies, It states that in 1953, late His Majesty Jigme Dorji wangchuck issued an order to compose a national anthem. Accordingly, the first ever Bhutanese anthem with twelve line was composed by Late Dasho Gyaldon Thinley. Dasho Gyaldon is a father of our former Prime Minister Jigme Y. Thinley. It reads as follows: 

ལྷོ་ཙན་དན་བཀོད་པའི་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ན།།
ལུགས་གཉིས་ཀྱི་བསྟན་པ་སྐྱོང་བའི་མགོན།།
འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་པོ་མངའ་བདག་རིན་པོ་ཆེ།།
སྐུ་འགྱུར་མེད་ཞབས་པད་བརྟན་པར་ཤོག།

ཐུགས་དགོངས་པའི་ཤེས་རབ་འཕེལ་འཕེལ་ནས།།
ལུགས་ཆོས་སྲིད་ཕྲིན་ལས་གོང་དུ་འཕེལ།། 
དཔལ་མངའ་ཐང་དགུང་དང་བཉམ་ནས་ཀྱང་།། 
འབངས་མི་སེར་དར་ཞིང་རྒྱས་པར་ཤོག། 

དཔོན་ཆོས་རྗེ་འབྲུག་པའི་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ནང་།། 
ཆོས་སངྱས་བསྟན་པ་རྒྱས་རྒྱས་ནས།། 
ནད་མུ་གེ་འཁྲུགས་རྩོད་དབྱིངས་སུ་ཡལ།། 
བདེ་སྐྱིད་ཀྱི་ཉི་མ་ཤར་བར་ཤོག།། 

Later, this twelve line anthem was found long and was shortened in 1964. Twelve line national anthem was shortened to 6 line national anthem by Dasho Shingkhar Lam, Kunzang wangchuk. It was submitted to His Majesty for the approval. Dasho Lam was then the secretary to late His Majesty Jigme Dorji wangchuck. It reads as follows: 
འབྲུག་ཙན་དན་བཀོད་པའི་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ནང་།།
དཔལ་ལུགས་གཉིས་བསྟན་སྲིད་སྐྱོང་བའི་མགོན།།
འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་པོ་མངའ་བདག་རིན་པོ་ཆེ།།
སྐུ་འགྱུར་མེད་བརྟན་ཅིང་ཆབ་སྲིད་འཕེལ།།
ཆོས་སངྱས་བསྟན་པ་དར་ཞིང་རྒྱས།།
འབངས་བདེ་སྐྱིད་ཉི་མ་ཤར་བར་ཤོག།

It is interesting to learn that our national anthem was called a gyelpoi tenzhu ༼རྒྱལ་པོའི་བརྟན་བཞུགས༽ But it was also called as Gyel lu ༼རྒྱལ་གླུ༽ the national song. Therefore in and around 1966, the national anthem was officially accepted as the national song.

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